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Tea Sub-Sector

BACKGROUND  

Tea growing in Rwanda started in 1952, Rwandan tea is planted on hillsides at high altitude between 1,900 and 2,500 m, and on well drained marshes at an altitude of between 1,550 and 1,800 m. Today tea industry is comprised of fourteen operational factories and two tea projects. Most tea processed in Rwanda is black tea (CTC), however green tea and orthodox tea is also processed in small quantities. Spicy tea is also processed on order for our esteemed customer’s requirements.

TEA FACTORY CONSTRUCTION PERIOD

Tea Factory

Year  

  1.Mulindi

  2.Shagasha

  3.Gisakura

  4.Pfunda

  5.Sorwathe

  6.Kitabi

  7.Mata

  8.Rubaya

  9.Nyabihu

10.Gisovu

11.Nshili-Kivu

12. Karongi

13. Mushubi

14. Rutsiro

1960

1963

1965

1965

1966

1968

1973

1974

1974

1977

2007

2012

2013

2014

The production of tea has increased steadily, from 60 tons of black tea in 1958, 1,900 tons in 1990, 14,500 tons in 2000 and reaching at a peak of 24,800 in the year 2014.

RWANDA TEA- CTC GRADES

Broken Pekoe 1

BP 1

Broken Pekoe

BP

Pekoe Funnings 1

PF 1

Pekoe Funnings 2

PF2

Pekoe Funnings

PF

Pekoe Dust

PD

Dust 1

DI

Dust 2

D2

Dust

D

Fannings 1

F1

Fannings

F

Broken Mixed Fannings

BMF

Broken Mixed Fannings Dust

BMFD

 

PRIVATISATION

In an effort to increase production, productivity and export revenues, the government of Rwanda implemented privatization program of tea factories starting with Pfunda tea factory in 2004 and ended in December 2012 with Mulindi and Shagasha. The rest NAEB owned industrial blocks privatized to Rwanda Mountain Tea, Karongi Tea Factory and Muganza Kivu Tea in 2014.

Factories 

Privatization period 

Shares

Owners

Small Tea growers

Private  investors  

GVT 

PFUNDA 

2004

10%

90%

0%

Borelli Holdings

NYABIHU 

2006

10%

90%

0%

Rwanda Mountain Tea (RMT)

RUBAYA 

2006

10%

90%

0%

RMT

NSHILI- KIVU  

2007

15%

85%

0%

NSHILI

Kivu  Tea Company

SORWATHE

2003

10%

90%

0%

Tea Importers (USA) 

KITABI 

2009

10%

60%

0%

RMT

GISAKURA

2010

25%

60%

15%

Tea Group Investment

MATA

2010

10%

60%

30%

Tea Group Investment

 GISOVU 

2011

10%

60%

30%

Borelli Holdings

SHAGASHA

2012

30%

60%

10%

Rwanda Tea Investment 

MULINDI

2012

45%

55%

0%

Rwanda Tea Investment 

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© 2013 National Agricultural Export Development Board.2013